X-rays are a type of electromagnetic radiation, just like visible light. An X-ray machine emits individual X-ray waves that pass through the body and are recorded on a computer or film. X-rays are the most widely used radiological procedure and are used to create images of internal body structures and diagnose health problems. X-rays are similar to visible light, but they have higher energy and can penetrate most objects, including the human body.
When X-rays pass through the body and reach an X-ray detector on the other side, they create an image that shows the “shadows” of the objects inside the body. X-rays are used to diagnose a variety of medical conditions, from broken bones to cancer. Here are five of the most common types of X-rays:Chest X-ray – A chest X-ray is used to examine the lungs, heart, and other organs in the chest. It can detect abnormalities such as tumors, fluid in the lungs, or an enlarged heart.
Abdominal X-ray– An abdominal X-ray is used to examine the organs in the abdomen, such as the stomach, intestines, liver, and kidneys.
It can detect abnormalities such as tumors or kidney stones.
Bone X-ray– A bone X-ray is used to examine bones for fractures or other abnormalities. It can also be used to detect arthritis or other bone diseases.
Dental X-ray– A dental X-ray is used to examine teeth and surrounding structures for cavities or other abnormalities. It can also be used to detect impacted teeth or jaw problems.
Mammogram– A mammogram is an X-ray of the breast used to detect breast cancer. It can also be used to detect cysts or other abnormalities in the breast tissue.X-rays are a valuable tool for diagnosing medical conditions and can help doctors make informed decisions about treatment options.
If you have any questions about X-rays or their uses, talk to your doctor.